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Headache is a common physical discomfort that affects the head, scalp, or neck. It can manifest in various forms, such as a dull ache, sharp pain, or pressure-like sensation. The causes of headaches can range from simple tension and stress to underlying medical conditions and diseases. Some headaches can be easily treated with over-the-counter remedies, while others may require medical intervention.

Migraine is a type of headache that is often accompanied by intense, throbbing pain and other symptoms such as nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances. This type of headache typically affects one side of the head and can last for several hours or even days. The exact cause of migraines is unknown, but various triggers such as stress, lack of sleep, and certain foods and drinks, can bring on an attack. Effective treatments for migraines include NSAIDs, prescription medications, and lifestyle changes.

A person with migraine should consider seeking medical help if:

  1. Their headaches are becoming increasingly frequent or intense.
  2. Over-the-counter or prescribed pain medications are no longer providing relief.
  3. They experience other neurological symptoms such as confusion, weakness, or changes in vision along with their headaches.
  4. They have a family history of migraines or other neurological conditions such as stroke or epilepsy.
  5. They have tried various treatments and lifestyle changes, but have not seen any improvement in their symptoms.
  6. They have been diagnosed with a secondary headache disorder, such as a headache caused by an underlying medical condition like a brain tumor.

In such cases, consult a neurophysician at chandanagar, Dr. Anand karnam, at Sri Anand Child and Neuro center, who can help you to determine the best course of action for managing migraines and rule out any underlying medical conditions.